Benefits of Genetic Engineering WhatEngineers April 4, Genetic engineering is a stream of science where the genes of animals and all living organism are being researched, and molecular structure is formed depending on the biological effects when transferred to other living organisms. As we know that gene holds the characteristics of that living organism. If we say precisely, then the gene is nothing but a bimolecular structure with string-like materials whose forms say the characteristics of that organism. Genetic engineering deals with these factors of genes and modification of genes are being done in this form of science.
Home List of Pros and Cons 7 Advantages and Disadvantages of Genetic Engineering 7 Advantages and Disadvantages of Genetic Engineering List of Pros and Cons Jul 2, Great minds combined with technological advancements have a lead to creations and achievements that would have been impossible.
Whatever great scientist of the past has achieved have already been surpassed or improved through modern and innovative ideas and processes. Coming from the terms genes and modify, the entire process is something out of a science fiction movie.
Well, it used to be that way until the practice was perfected and used in actual applications. Genetic engineering made it possible to add new DNA or alter bad ones.
Because of what it can achieve, reception is torn between good and bad. People who abide by the laws of nature believe that modifying genes is a blatant disregard and interference of what should happen naturally. There is no need to mess up what is part of a grand design. Those who have seen the many benefits that genetic engineering offers, on the other hand, champion the practice.
Humans have performed selective breeding or artificial selection to alter genome of certain species. This is, in a way, still in contrast with natural selection.
The set of technology used today enables transgenics where a genetic material from one species is removed and then added to another through more scientific and engineering processes. Call it a case of creating Frankenstein, which has both advantages and disadvantages.
Advantages of Genetic Engineering 1. Contributes significantly to biotechnology research Imagine what people can do if they can transplant genes from one species to another.
The possibilities are endless. In the field of biotechnology, genetic engineering paved the way for xenotransplantation or the process of transplanting living tissues or organs from animals to humans or vice versa. The research revealed the possibility of using pig organs as replacements for human hearts and kidneys, considering that they have similar physiology and size.
It also led to tissue engineering that is now considered an alternative to replacement of cartilage, cerebrospinal shunts, heart valves and other organs. Suffice to say that plenty of things can be achieved with genome editing. Increases the possibility of eradicating hunger Among the many species and items that are genetically modified, plants are a favorite subject.
Companies that want to create a sweeter tomato, bigger cherries and herbicide resistant crops can do so through GM. There may be health and safety concerns attached to the genetically engineered food and crops, but proponents assure that the breeding process is only an extension of the natural way.
After all, the tissues used for the cell culture still come from a living organism. Because it is now possible to produce food and crops that are bigger and grow faster, resistant to disease, can thrive in different environments, or can be customized based on the soil composition and availability of water in a location, world hunger could be minimized if not completely eliminated.
But there is still a question of what genetically modified crops can do to human bodies, their effects and long-term impact.
Remove disease as part of human existence This may seem an impossibility now, but imagine what the world would be like if diseases are taken out of the equation. If bad genes inherited from parents are detected and then removed, the next generation will be healthier and would live longer.
Any genetic mutation caused by environmental mutagens may also be corrected through genetic engineering. Genetic engineering enables researchers to isolate the exact gene that is causing diseases and illnesses, giving them insights to the cause and possible cures that can be initiated.
Combined with other engineering processes, this can be more than possible. These include treating infectious diseases by implanting genes with antigen and antiviral proteins.
It also acts as an aid for genetics, enabling pharmaceutical companies to produce highly graded products that can help fight illnesses. Disadvantages of Genetic Engineering 1. Has associated consequences and possible irreversible effects Even scientists themselves believe that genetic engineering can have irreversible side effects, especially with hereditarily modified genes.
After all, the process at the present uses viral factor to carry functional genes to the human body. Viral genes as they are, they are likely to leave certain side effects.To maintain this diversity it is important to develop agronomical practices that minimise the use of biocidal mtb15.com use of resistance genes, crossed in from other varieties or introduced by genetic engineering, eg Bt genes, is one way of managing threats to both the crop and the environment.
The effects come from the actual process needed to manipulate the plant tissue during the genetic engineering process.
These negative effects can be minimized by careful selection of the plants that are advanced during product development. Genetic engineering, sometimes called genetic modification, is the process of altering the DNA in an organism’s genome.
This may mean changing one base pair (A-T or C-G), deleting a whole region of DNA, or introducing an additional copy of a gene.
Genetic engineering often uses genes for antibiotic resistance as "selectable markers." Early in the engineering process, these markers help select cells that have taken up foreign genes. Although they have no further use, the .
Genetic engineering has raised the question of whether its products create unintended health effects for consumers, but how do conventionally bred products compare along the continuum of As a result, breeders may observe healthy, undamaged celery lines and select them for commercial release.
The effects come from the actual process needed to manipulate the plant tissue during the genetic engineering process. These negative effects can be minimized by careful selection of the plants that are advanced during product development.