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How to Write a Summary of an Article? Early Adulthood Cognitive Development Cognition pertains to the acquisition, processing, transformation, storage, and retrieval of any information concerning the world Louw, Van Ede, and Louw, This process affects every aspect of our personality.
Cognitive processes such as perceiving, conceptualizing, reasoning, remembering, and contemplating are all necessary for us to solve everyday problems, to work and do the household chores properly, to arrive at a sound decision and perform other daily activities that make use of our minds Emotional development in early adulthood essay, Van Ede, and Louw, According to Piaget, cognitive development is the product of the interaction of the individual with the environmental events Louw, Van Ede, and Louw, The cognitive attributes of every individual is fundamentally shaped by the heredity.
Heredity dictates our physical appearances and other biological and physiological characteristics Louw, Van Ede, and Louw, In this connection, our genetic make up spontaneously manifests in our physical appearance and personality through maturation Louw, Van Ede, and Louw, Even though we have different genes, human maturation is identical to all races.
This means that differences in our physical appearance is dictated by our genes but all humans pass through, as a result of maturation, identical stages of development.
Early Adulthood Early adulthood generally included individuals within the age-range of eighteen to forty years Hewston, Fincham, and Foster, After adolescence stage, individuals have attained formal and abstract reasoning and capable of solving problems by considering all possible means Hewston, Fincham, and Foster, In his theory of development, K.
Warner Schaie described the transition between adolescence to adulthood stages as a cognitive change from acquisition of knowledge to knowledge application Santrock, He proposed that cognitive changes occur in two distinct stages.
In achieving stage, the individual applies intelligence in achieving long term goals like career development.
The honing of cognitive skills for behavioral regulation leads to the acquisition of the sense of independence Santrock, On the other hand, during the early to middle adulthood, the responsibility stage commences.
The young adults in this stage start to establish and nurture their own career and recognize their social responsibility Santrock, Also, during this stage, individuals form families, focus effort and attention on the needs of children and spouse Santrock, Gisela Labouvie-Vief believed that young adults undergo thought synthesis and intensive changes on thinking Santrock, The young adults tend to look for their proper place in the society and seldom use logic in problem solving.
Due to strong cognitive attributes, logical skills do not suffer a slump in the adulthood Santrock, Meanwhile, William Perry suggested the differences in the process of thinking between adolescents and young adults Santrock, The view of the adolescents on the world is described as dualistic thinking wherein every object has its opposite like right or wrong and good or bad.
As maturity takes it course, multiple thinking replaces dualistic thinking Santrock, Then, young adults tend to recognize myriad opinion and ideals of community members which leads to realization that not every problem can be resolved by the authority Santrock, As a result, young adults start to shape their own thinking style, recognize the possible equality of opinions among the populace, and form their own opinion.
After the systematic evaluation of knowledge, full relativism arises which leads to the realization that knowledge is constructed, context-based, and nom-absolute; thus, one realizes that truth is relative Santrock, Furthermore, Jan Sinnot viewed that cognitive attributes of every individual develops as pressured by real-life problems Santrock, As the individual strive to solve the problems at hand, he or she considers different perspectives resulting to realization that knowledge is non-absolute Santrock, This is the stage of decentralization where the individual learns to thinks objectively and considers every aspect of a problem.
Although every adult develops the ability for formal operations, most may not reach the summit of formal operations; they continue to have a single-minded and ego-centered judgment Elliot, Kratochwill, Cook, and Travers, Meanwhile, a decentrated individual has the capacity to rearrange and simplify information which in turn facilitates his or her understanding.
The individual has the ability to conceive principles or scientific law applicable to observations, formulate hypotheses and design experiments for testing, and operate on operations Elliot, Kratochwill, Cook, and Travers, In the stage of formal operations, individuals learn to perform formal operations by means of logical and abstract forms of thinking Louw, Van Ede, and Louw, In addition, adolescence at this period has developed hypothetico-deductive form of reasoning Louw, Van Ede, and Louw, They already have the ability to gather data and investigate, formulate hypotheses, and deduce generalization from the results of investigation.
However, in the absence of the appropriate mental stimulus, it would be an arduous task for the individual to hurdle the stage of formal operations for the mental structures required were not attained Hewston, Fincham, and Foster, Nevertheless, even the student s of the higher educational institutions and some professionals failed to reach the formal operations; they tend to be stagnant on the stage of concrete operations Hewston, Fincham, and Foster, Excerpt from Term Paper: Emotion Development in Early Adulthood Emotional and psychological development is a life-long process tat extends beyond childhood and adolescence into early adulthood, adulthood, and old age.
Early Emotional Child Development - Introduction In this essay I am going to show my understanding of a child's early emotional development based on the psychoanalytical view of child development.
Development in Early & Middle Adulthood In technologically advanced nations, the life span is more than 70 years. Developmental psychologists usually consider early adulthood to cover approximately age 20 to age 40 .
"Early adulthood is the era of greatest energy and abundance and of greatest contradiction and stress." (Levinson, cited in Seal 72) Of the two key challenges in early adulthood, gaining separation from parents is the most important one to address.
This essay will firstly explain what the /5(4). The life stage called early adulthood defines individuals between the ages of 20 and 35, who are typically vibrant, active and healthy, and are focused on friendships, romance, child bearing and careers.
During early adulthood, the individual is transiting into adulthood from adolescence and continued physical growth is exhibited especially in shoulder width and chest width being exhibited.
Early adulthood is a mark of adult life as body degradation has not started to occur (Kail & Cavanaugh, ).